You should approach the essay in the following manner;
Discuss the onset of the pandemic in the U.S. how it affected the stock market (include trends of different sectors). Were stock prices high due to high demand or low supply of stocks? Further, explain the disconnect between the labor market (people struggling, high unemployment) and the stock market. Were particular policies taken by the Federal Reserve and the federal government responsible for the soaring stock market, if so discuss those policies and their impact.
You should research each sub topic thoroughly. While you can look at any resource online, you should definitely check out the Federal Reserve websites (there are multiple Feds each with their own site).
Your essay should be structured in the following way:
• Present data collected in tables or figures